Windsurfing is a surface water sport that combines elements
of surfing and sailing. It consists of a windsurf board
usually two to four meters long, powered by the effect of
the wind on a sail. The rig is connected to the board by
a free-rotating universal joint and comprises a mast, wishbone
boom and sail.
Windsurfing can be said to straddle both the laid-back
culture of surf sports and the more rules-based environment
of sailing. Although it might be considered a minimalistic
version of a sailboat, a windsurfer offers experiences that
are outside the scope of any other sailing craft design.
Windsurfers can perform jumps, inverted loops, spinning
maneuvers, and other "freestyle" moves that cannot be matched
by any sailboat.
What is Windsurfing? Windsurfing is
a form of personal sailing in which a flexible
sail, free to move in any direction, is mounted
on a surfboard and the craft guided by a standing
Other Names for Windsurfing: Sailboarding,
Windsurfing in Foreign Languages:
Windsurfing in Foreign
Romanian: plutire cu vela
Windsurfing History: In 1948, Newman
Darby first conceived the idea of a board with
a hand-held sail. It was not until 1968 that
Californians Jim Drake, an aeronautical engineer
and sailor, and his friend Hoyle Schweitzer,
a surfer first applied for a patent on the windsurfing
design in the United States. The patent was
granted to Drake and Hoyle in 1970. Hoyle was
instrumental in bringing windsurfing to the
masses. Throughout the 1970s Windsurfing became
popular. The very first windsurfing boards were
12 feet long and weighed 60 lbs. The mass production
of windsurf boards resulted in the development
of Polyethylene. Newman Darby's wife, Naomi
Darby was the first female windsurfer.
Windsurfing Competition History: The
first windsurfing world championship was held
in 1973. Windsurfing first became an Olympic
sport for men in 1984 and for women in 1992.
Modern Windsurfing: Current windsurfing
boards measure 8 to 12 feet in length and weigh
between 15 and 40 lbs. Modern windsurfers have
the ability to attain speeds over 40 knots.
Types of Windsurfing: There are four
different types of windsurfing competitions
they include: racing, freestyle, slalom, and